Executable Jar with Apache Maven


Apache Maven을 이용하여 실행 가능한 jar파일을 만들어 보자구!!!

References

GitHub

$ git clone git@github.com:jinahya/executable-jar-with-maven-example.git
...
$ cd executable-jar-with-maven-example/
$ git checkout develop
$ mvn clean package
...
$ ls -l target/
...

Exec Maven Plugin

FYI, Apache Maven을 이용하여 직접 main(String[]) 메서드를 실행할 수 있다.

$ mvn -quiet exec:java -Dexec:mainClass=...
...
$

Maven Jar Plugin

우선 Maven Dependency Plugin을 사용하여 실행에 필요한 dependency들을 target/${project.build.finalName}.lib/에 복사한다.

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
  <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <phase>package</phase>
      <goals>
        <goal>copy-dependencies</goal>
      </goals>
      <configuration>
        <outputDirectory>${project.build.directory}/${project.build.finalName}.lib</outputDirectory>
        <includeScope>runtime</includeScope>
      </configuration>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>

그리고 Maven Jar Plugin을 다음과 같이 설정하여 위에서 내려받은 라이브러리들의 위치를 META-INF/MANIFEST.MFClass-Path항목에 추가한다.

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
  <artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>
  <configuration>
    <archive>
      <manifest>
        <addClasspath>true</addClasspath>
        <classpathPrefix>${project.build.finalName}.lib/</classpathPrefix>
        <mainClass>${fully.qualified.main.class}</mainClass>
      </manifest>
    </archive>
  </configuration>
</plugin>
$ ls -1F target/
...
executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.jar
executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.lib/
...
$ unzip -p target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.jar META-INF/MANIFEST.MF
...
Class-Path: executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.lib/guava-18.0.jar e
 xecutable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.lib/guice-4.0-beta5.jar executab
 le-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.lib/javax.inject-1.jar executable-jar-w
 ith-maven-example-x.y.z.lib/aopalliance-1.0.jar
...
Main-Class: ...

$ ls -1F target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.lib/
....jar
....jar
....jar
....jar
$ java -jar target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z.jar
...
$ 

다음과 같이 배포 가능한 어카이브들을 생성한다.

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
  <artifactId>maven-antrun-plugin</artifactId>
  <version>1.8</version>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <id>antrun-archive</id>
      <phase>package</phase>
      <goals>
        <goal>run</goal>
      </goals>
      <configuration>
        <target>
          <zip destfile="${project.build.directory}/${project.build.finalName}.zip">
            <zipfileset dir="${project.build.directory}">
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.${project.packaging}" />
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.lib/*" />
            </zipfileset>
          </zip>
          <tar destfile="${project.build.directory}/${project.build.finalName}.tar">
            <tarfileset dir="${project.build.directory}">
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.${project.packaging}" />
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.lib/*" />
            </tarfileset>
          </tar>
          <tar destfile="${project.build.directory}/${project.build.finalName}.tgz" compression="gzip">
            <tarfileset dir="${project.build.directory}">
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.${project.packaging}" />
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.lib/*" />
            </tarfileset>
          </tar>
          <tar destfile="${project.build.directory}/${project.build.finalName}.tbz2" compression="bzip2">
            <tarfileset dir="${project.build.directory}">
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.${project.packaging}" />
              <include name="${project.build.finalName}.lib/*" />
            </tarfileset>
          </tar>
        </target>
      </configuration>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>

Maven Assembly Plugin

Maven Assembly Pluginjar-with-dependencies descriptor를 사용하여 필요한 클래스들을 모두 포함하는 아카이브를 만들 수 있다.

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
  <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
  <version>2.4</version>
  <configuration>
    <archive>
      <manifest>
        <mainClass>${fully.qualified.class.name}</mainClass>
      </manifest>
    </archive>
    <descriptorRefs>
      <descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef>
    </descriptorRefs>
  </configuration>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <phase>package</phase>
      <goals>
        <goal>single</goal>
      </goals>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>
$ ls -1F target/
...
executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-jar-with-dependencies.jar
...
$ java -jar target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-jar-with-dependencies.jar 
...

Maven Shade Plugin

다음은 Maven Shade Plugin을 이용하는 방법이다.

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
  <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
  <version>2.3</version>
  <configuration>
    <shadedArtifactAttached>true</shadedArtifactAttached>
    <transformers>
      <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer">
        <mainClass>${fully.qualified.class.name}</mainClass>
      </transformer>
    </transformers>
  </configuration>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <id>shade</id>
      <!--phase>package</phase--> <!-- default -->
      <goals>
        <goal>shade</goal>
      </goals>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>
$ mvn clean package
...
$ ls -1 target/
...
executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-shaded.jar
...
$ java -jar target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-shaded.jar
...
$

OneJar Maven Plugin

다음은 onejar-maven-plugin을 사용하는 방법이다.

<plugin>
  <!--groupId>org.dstovall</groupId--> <!-- not available on the central -->
  <groupId>com.jolira</groupId>
  <artifactId>onejar-maven-plugin</artifactId>
  <version>1.4.4</version>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <configuration>
        <mainClass>${fully.qualified.class.name}</mainClass>
        <attachToBuild>true</attachToBuild>
        <!-- https://code.google.com/p/onejar-maven-plugin/issues/detail?id=8 -->
        <!--classifier>onejar</classifier-->
        <filename>${project.build.finalName}-onejar.${project.packaging}</filename>
      </configuration>
      <goals>
        <goal>one-jar</goal>
      </goals>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>
$ ls -1 target/
...
executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-onejar.jar
...
$ java -jar target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-onejar.jar
...
$

Spring Boot Maven Plugin

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <goals>
        <goal>repackage</goal>
      </goals>
      <configuration>
        <classifier>spring-boot</classifier>
        <mainClass>${fully.qualified.main.class}</mainClass>
      </configuration>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>
$ ls -1 target/
...
executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-spring-boot.jar
...
$ java -jar target/executable-jar-with-maven-example-x.y.z-spring-boot.jar
...
$
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6 comments

  1. akabelle

    As I cannot comment on StackOverflow (yet), I will thank you here, as your post helped me solve my problem.
    So: thank you :)

  2. Pingback: How to: How can I create an executable jar with dependencies using Maven? | SevenNet
  3. Pingback: How to: How can I create an executable jar with dependencies using Maven? | Technical information for you
  4. Pingback: Fixed How can I create an executable jar with dependencies using Maven? #dev #it #asnwer | Good Answer

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